The Longest River in Vietnam
We all know that Dong Nai River is the longest inland river with 586 km long. However, the longest river which originates abroad and flows through the territory of Vietnam is none other than Mekong River, also known as Cuu Long River.
Mekong – the longest river flowing through the territory of Vietnam
The Mekong River, which is one of the largest rivers in the world and rooted in China, flows through Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Cambodia and the South China Sea of Vietnam.
By length, it is No. 12 (No. 7 in Asia). By water flow, it is No. 10 in the world (annual flow of about 475 million m³). The average flow is 13,200 m³ / s, in flood season it can be up to 30,000 m³ / s. Its basin is approximately 795,000 km² (according to the Mekong River Commission) or more than 810,000 km² (according to the Encyclopedia Britannica 2004).
Where does Mekong originate from?Mekong River comes from high mountains of Qinghai province, across Tibet throughout the length of Yunnan Province (China), through the countries of Myanmar, Thailand, Laos and Cambodia before entering Vietnam.
Other names of the Mekong River in provinces of Vietnam:
- Hau River: flowed through Chau Doc Long Xuyen (An Giang), Vinh Long, Can Tho, Chau Thanh (Hau Giang), Soc Trang (Soc Trang) and emptied into the sea by three gates: Dinh An, Ba Thac (Bassac), Tran De. In 1970, Ba Thac was filling up so that Hau River has only two estuaries today.
- Tien River: has wide riverbad with many islands in the middle, runs through Tan Chau (An Giang), Hong Ngu and Cao Lanh (Dong Thap), Vinh Long to Cai Lay (Tien Giang) and then is divided into four rivers flowing out sea by six gates:
1. My Tho River: flowing through My Tho City and the south of Go Cong, empties into the sea by Dai Estuary and Tieu Estuary.
2. Ham Luong River: runs through the south of Ben Tre Province to the Ham Luong Estuary.
3. Co Chien River: forms the boundary of Tra Vinh and Ben Tre Province (formerly named Vinh Binh), pours into the sea by Co Chien and Cung Hau Estuary.
4. Ba Lai River: flows through the northern side of Ben Tre (formerly named Kien Hoa). Nowadays, Ba Lai Estuary is stopped by Ba Lai sewer system. This system belongs to the freshening the coastal area project of Ben Tre Province.
Why is Mekong River called Cuu Long River?
When entering the sea, Mekong River has 9 estuaries so that it is called Cuu Long River - 9 dragons.